New York, 9 February 2011
Statement by H.E. Mr. Ivan Barbalić, Ambassador of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the United Nations
I thank Mr. Menkerios, Special Representative of the Secretary-General; President Mkapa, Chair of the Secretary-General’s Panel on the Referenda in the Sudan; and Ambassador Mahmoud Kane. We also welcome the participation of the Permanent Representative of the Sudan and the Minister of Regional Cooperation of the Government of Southern Sudan.
We welcome the announcement of the final results of the referendum on Southern Sudan and commend the parties for their constructive cooperation in the referendum process. Bosnia and Herzegovina supports the full and timely implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). In that regard, we urge the parties to redouble their efforts to find solutions for Abyei and other outstanding CPA issues — including wealth-sharing, management of assets and debts, citizenship and border security arrangements — before the end of the interim period.
We praise the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel and other international partners for their roles in assisting the CPA parties in this important endeavour. We are encouraged by the activities of the international community and the United Nations in anticipating the future engagement of the United Nations in Southern Sudan. Special attention should be given to capacity-building, economic development and efforts to develop cooperation between the North and South as a crucial component of long-term stability in the region.
We are concerned by the fact that the parties have not yet reached an agreement on Abyei. We urge them to reconcile their differences and find an acceptable solution regarding this important part of the CPA as soon as possible.
We commend the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) for its efforts in Abyei at this critical time. With regard to restrictions on the freedom of movement of UNMIS, we call on the Sudanese authorities to ensure the Mission’s unhindered access.
A just, comprehensive and inclusive solution must be found for Darfur. It is high time to end the vicious cycle of violence and bring peace to the people of that region. We reiterate our full support for the United Nations and African Union-led peace process in Doha and the efforts of the Joint Chief Mediator, Mr. Bassolé. We urge all parties to join the Doha peace process without preconditions or further delays.
We are concerned by the upsurge of violence in Darfur and call upon all parties to cease hostilities and ensure unrestricted access to personnel of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and humanitarian workers to the affected areas and population in need. We strongly ondemn the continued attacks on and kidnapping of UNAMID and humanitarian personnel. We urge the Government to ensure law and order in Darfur and to bring the perpetrators of such acts to justice. Ending impunity is a critical factor for ensuring lasting peace and stability in Darfur.
Finally, we commend UNMIS and UNAMID personnel for their tireless efforts in carrying out their mandates in difficult circumstances.