New York, 12 May 2010
Statement by Ms. Mirsada Colakovic, Minister Counsellor,
Deputy Permanent Representative of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the United Nations
at the UN Security Council Debate
At the outset, I would like to join my colleagues in welcoming the First Deputy Prime Minister of Somalia, His Excellency Mr. Abdurahman Ibrahim, and in thanking him for his important statement. I further wish to thank the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, His Excellency Mr. Ould Abdallah, for his extremely useful briefing. Our thanks also go to Mr. Lamamra, Commissioner for Peace and Security of the African Union.
Bosnia and Herzegovina aligns itself with the statement to be delivered by the representative of the European Union to the United Nations later today.
We would like to reiterate our full support to the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the Djibouti peace process, and call upon all relevant actors to fully implement the commitments undertaken.
Having said this, we would like to emphasize that the cooperation and assistance of the international community to the TFG are crucial, and that every resource should be used to generate the necessary political and security conditions for the successful completion of the transition by 2011.
We note with satisfaction the progress in some key areas identified in the Secretary-General’s report (S/2010/234), particularly in the field of national reconciliation, the drafting of the constitution, capacity-building, the building of national security forces and expanding political space in the country.
In that context, we further welcome the signing of the cooperation agreement between the TFG and Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a, and we hope that this change will contribute to the Government’s capacity to consolidate its authority and restore order in the country. We urge all groups outside the Djibouti peace process to join in as soon as possible.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is concerned about the security situation in Somalia, especially in the southern and central parts of the country. We strongly condemn the continuing indiscriminate attacks against the civilian population, the TFG and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).
We are deeply concerned by the fact that the recruitment and use of children in the conflict have increased in the past year. We therefore urge all parties to the conflict to fully comply with international humanitarian law and human rights law in order to protect the civilian population.
Bosnia and Herzegovina further expresses its concern regarding the alarming humanitarian crisis in Somalia, which is exacerbated by the severe difficulties in the delivery of humanitarian assistance caused by increased violence against humanitarian workers, ongoing fighting and drought. We hope that adequate funding of the consolidated appeals process and the United Nations transition plan for Somalia will allow for the continuation of critical humanitarian activities.
Once more, Bosnia and Herzegovina would like to commend the African Union and AMISOM troops for their tireless efforts in stabilizing the situation in Somalia, despite the extremely difficult environment in which they are operating. We would like to pay a special tribute to Uganda and Burundi for the vitally important contribution they are making to AMISOM.
Bosnia and Herzegovina welcomes the important efforts made by the TFG in preparing its own security sector assessment report and the national security and stabilization plan, which are intended to ensure coherence in developing the security and justice sectors. In that regard, we encourage the fulfillment of pledges made at the international conference in support of Somalia’s security institutions and AMISOM, held in Brussels on 23 April 2009.
In order to achieve lasting peace and stability, we urge the TFG to build on this positive momentum and intensify its efforts, especially in the areas of political reconciliation and outreach, the constitution-making process, security, stability and the delivery of services.
Moreover, it is of crucial importance for the international community to use this window of opportunity to strengthen the effectiveness of its presence in the country by further coordinating its actions.
Bosnia and Herzegovina supports the three-phase incremental approach, as set out by the Secretary-General. We welcome the completion and approval of the first accommodation facilities in a Bancroft compound with regard to establishing the second “light footprint” phase. Somalia to be held on 22 May 2010, and hope that it will foster political stability, security and reconstruction in the country.
On the fight against piracy, Bosnia and Herzegovina shares the position expressed by other Council members that long-term solutions will come only through the rule of law and the establishment of security on the ground.
In conclusion, please allow me to highlight an issue we deem exceptionally important. Bosnia and Herzegovina welcomes important efforts of the United Nations Mine Action Service to reduce the dangers of mines to the civilian population, including mapping mine contamination throughout southern and central Somalia and mine risk education sessions in communities affected by mines and unexploded ordnance.